DNA profiling (also called DNA fingerprinting, DNA testing, or DNA typing) is a forensic technique used to identify individuals by characteristics of their DNA. A DNA profile is a small set of DNA variations that is very likely to be different in all unrelated individuals, thereby being as unique to individuals as are fingerprints. The use of biological evidence in DNA and genetic analysis varies, with areas of study including blood typing, gender determination based on chromosome analysis. DNA has been successfully utilized in criminal cases, disaster victim identification and paternity testing to name a few. However despite their merits, DNA fingerprints are not ideally used as the sole piece of evidence in a case, and in certain countries, such as the United Kingdom, DNA fingerprints must be presented in conjunction with other evidence.