Fingerprint is a unique pattern and is of various types such as a
human fingerprint, machine tool mark, digital fingerprint of a computer, etc.
Based on the nature’s principle that no two person, even identical twins share the same fingerprint, and the probability of the fingerprints of two different people matching be ing 1 among 3 trillion and the population on earth is only about 7.4 billion, this unde rlying principle can be used by forensic professionals to identify a person, conduct bac kground checks, use as biometric security, etc. For more than a century, fingerprints used as a reliable form of evidence to identify suspects, solve crimes by proving the per petrator’s existence and link the person to any other previous crimes. Fingerprint detect ion, collection and analysis is quite a challenge and also, involves looking at the quali ty and quantity of information available in the fingerprint to match the collected prints with the known ten-prints, and for this an experienced and qualified forensic fingerprint expert has to be consulted.